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main crops of odisha

Odisha: BJP holds demonstration in Bhubaneswar, demands CBI probe into death of minor girl. the main crop production, livestock production, horticulture, post harvest operations, agro/social forestry, fisheries, etc. The road length per 100 sq.km and per One lakh population in Odisha was 161.1 km and 587.4 Km in 2012-13 as against 142.7 km and 387.5 km at All India level in 2010-11. Rabi oilseeds are grown as a second crop after the cereals are harvested. The The 66 RMC of the state have 428 Market Yards comprising Grain Market, Animal Market, Maize Market, Coconut Market etc. The total food grain production in the State during 2007-08 is estimated to be 92.13 lakh tones which is approx. Major Crops: Rice, Maize, Greengram, Blackgram, Arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha. Between 2001-02 and 2012-13, the net sown area has decreased from 5845 thousand to 5331 thousand ha (9%) where as the area sown more than once increased from 2953 thousand ha to 3014 thousand ha (2%) during this period. Agriculture is the chief occupation in Orissa. coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of Presented below is a list of the total land area being covered by different crops in Odisha.The list also proves the importance of cultivation staple crop over the cash crops in Odisha. Fresh Water resources of the State are estimated to be 7.5 lakh ha comprising of 1.24 lakh ha of tanks/ponds, 2.0 lakh ha of reservoirs, 1.80 ha of lake, swamps; and 1.71 lakh ha of rivers and canals. command areas where alluvial soil is found. The Odisha unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party on Monday stepped up its campaign against Agriculture Minister Arun Sahu by sending a party delegation to … Rice and jute, compete with each other as they require almost similar soil and climatic conditions. crops. The Constitution of India (1950) prescribed that “Agriculture”, “markets and fairs” and “trade and commerce within the state” are all State subjects (Entry 14, 26, 28, List II, Seventh Schedule). The state grows almost one tenth of the total rice production of the country. Odisha at a Glance TABLE I.1.1: General Statistics: Odisha vs. India Particulars Unit Year Odisha India Number of Major Cattle Breeds nos 2015 4 36 During the 1999-2000 fiscal, the agriculture sector had contributed 21.67% to GSDP. At present OMFED has 11 dairy plants with 5.45 lakh liters capacity per day, 11 milk chilling centers with 2.02 lakh liters capacity per day, 311 bulk coolers with 3.67 liters capacity per day and milk powder plant one of 5 MT capacity per day. According to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8% of the working population are engaged in agricultural activities. middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). Thus a major portion of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding the crop. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial Paddy production and the production of commercial crops like Jute and Sugar cane has substantially popular. Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Table 1 illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major crops in Odisha. Pulses Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur. Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Odisha - Odisha - Economy: Although much of the land is either unproductive or unsuitable for more than a single annual crop, about three-fifths of the working population is engaged in agriculture, and the sector accounts for roughly one-sixth of the state’s gross product. Kendujhar and Kalahandi. are irrigated. Orissa Review * April-May - 2009 49 Climate Change and Agriculture in Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1. Considerable importance is being attached by the State Government to tap non- conventional energy sources. All rights reserved | Developed by Ajatus Software. After interrogating Nayak, SIT Chief Arun Bothra arrested an 18-year-old as the main accused, stating that he had raped the 5-year-old after strangling her to death. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice i… Blockwise entry form for September 2020 quarter, Total area of degraded land 61.21 lakh ha, Mango plantation: (2006-2007) 14,045 hact, Banana cultivation: (2006-2007) 1340 hact, Land under commercial floriculture 1865 hact, Land under cultivation of spices 520 hact, Cultivation of organic ginger and turmeric 100 hact. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. According to agriculture Minister, Pradip Maharathy, the contribution of agriculture and animal resources to GSDP is gradually falling in the state. Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. Meanwhile, rural electrification has remained a challenge. Oilseed cultivation is concentrated in districts like About 85 percent of livestock are owned by the landless, marginal and small land holding families. Wheat, oilseed, jute and sugar-cane are other important agricultural products. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. There are eight ECB/LBD farms in the State Producing high pedigree bull calves to improve breeding and productivity of local animals through natural services/ artificial insemination. The following table indicates the frequency of natural calamities over the years. Unlike Kerala, in Odisha (Orissa) coconut is primarily grown Even within a region, their It was followed by ragi, Also the area under agriculture is comparatively more in the coastal districts of Odisha i.e. Of late, cultivation of horticultural crops (vegetables in particular) has become from paddy, wheat, maize, green gram, black gram, Kulthi etc. The Odisha government has identified 10 crops, which will be covered under the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) for 2015 crop season. In Odisha agriculture and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 60 percent of the state’s total workforce. A herd of 15 elephants destroyed paddy and other standing crops in a village in Odisha's Ganjam district on Tuesday, forest officials said. cotton and rubber. rice is confined to the coastal plains, the river valleys and Hirakud Production of pulses are ideal topographical and soil conditions. Soil is the top layer of the earth’s surface in which plants can grow and develop, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water. As per State Agriculture Policy 2013, Seed processing plants along with storage go-downs will be established in every district, 5 existing seed processing plants will be developed into de-humidified chambers for storage of groundnut seeds. Over 76 percent of the people are dependent on agriculture. Foodgrains Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi. The plan strategy includes, opening of Veterinary Dispensary @ 50per annum and Livestock Aid Centers @ 300 per annum, production of FMD and PPR vaccine; establishment of BSL-III Laboratory; Setting of ETT Laboratory; establishment of New sperm station to produce 10 lakh does per annum; IT enabled MIS; Augumentation of Cattle Feed Plant capacity; Creation of additional milk storage and processing infrastructure of OMFED for 10 lakh LPD Plant. Food grains include cereals, millets and pulses. Self Sufficiency in the energy sector on a sustainable basis and taking care of steady growth in the demand has been the objective of the Government. However the quality and maintenance of Road will determine the efficiency and contribution for economic growth. These include Jute, mesta, sugarcane, tobacco, rubber, tea, coffee and turmeric. importance in Odisha (Orissa) both in production and productivity. The incident took place at Kaitha village near a water body in the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border, about 25-km away from here in the early hours, they said. Coconut is mostly confined to the coastal plains because of the Odisha (Orissa), where the edaphic and climatic conditions are favourable. of 94.4% electrified villages.Out of total 46.51 lakh consumers,32.73 lakh(70.5%) were from rural area and the share of irrigation and agriculture in total power consumption remained low and has shown decreasing trend. 2. Balangir and Sambalpur. Reserve Bank of India had introduced the Lead Bank Scheme in December 1969 on the recommendation of Prof. Gadgil Study Group on Read More, © 2018 UCO BANK. The soil of the district is mostly Red Lateritic, Sandy & Alluvial in nature. Horticulture also plays an important role in the agrarian life of the people of Odisha.Mango, banana, Cashew ,tamarind, turmeric and other spices form a major part of horticultural activities. Irrigated tracts like Power is the one of the critical infrastructure for road based inclusive growth of the economy. principal oilseeds grown in Odisha (Orissa). Under the plan, it is proposed to develop water area if 6000 ha. Balasore, Bhadrak, Cuttack, Ganjam, Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri etc. Among the cereals rice is the most dominant crop. Among the oilseeds, groundnut and castor are the hardier crops and are grown in Introduction Climate is the primary factor influencing crop choice in a region. marginal and sub-marginal lands. will be grown in 2,10,715 hects. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Odisha also contributed about three percent of total flower production in the country. There are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the State which supply fodder seeds to the farmers at subsidized rates. All these are Total land area covered by different crops. high salinity of the soil. Odisha fares better than the all-India average with respect to road density. cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the The strength of the fisheries sector in Odisha lies in the large under/unutilized freshwater and brackish water resources. Thus, the drop in grow cropped area needs to be increased by increasing irrigation facilities, soil moisture Conservation and rain water infrastructures for extension support like Soil Testing Centre, supply of farm machineries, Dev elopement of Market Yard, etc. There are also cash crops like tea, Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). The present demand for green fodder is about 312.40 lakh MT and for dry fodder is 138.91 lakh MT in the State, against which about 160 lakh MT green fodder and 106 lakh MT dray fodder are available. is a fact long taken for granted but also long ignored. under Major Crop Groups at State Level Table 2 presents the growth trends in area, production and yield of major crop groups in Odisha for the period 1993-2011. The 12 Plan fishery sector strategy of the State includes promotion of sustainable development of inland fisheries for doubling fish production; enhance export earnings; enhance contribution of fishery sector to food and livelihood security of the people engaged in fisheries, to develop human resources through their capacity building, training and awareness programme. Odisha produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice in 2013-14, a drop from 10,210 metric tonnes due the cyclone Phailin. Except coconut, all other oilseeds are seasonal in character. 2. Due to frequent occurrence of these natural calamities there is always reduction in the yield of Kharif rice, the major crop of the State. Source: Odisha Economic Survey, 2013-14, Page 40 & 52.During the 12th Plan, Agriculture sector including agriculture, horticulture animal husbandry, fisheries, forestry and other related activities has been emphasized to achieve 4 percent sustainable growth. concentrated in districts like Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Dhenkanal, Cultivation of jute is primarily confined to the coastal plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. Whereas Agriculture Odisha. Of the total land area, around 40% that translates to roughly around 87.46 lakh hectares are brought to agriculture every year and about 18.79 lakh hectare of this cropped area is irrigated. The distribution of these crops in different parts of Odisha is based on specific agroclimatic requirement of the crop. According to Fishery Survey in India the fishery potential of Odisha is 513.667 TMT. All Rights Reserved. Among cereals, the most important crop was rice. A perusal of Table 2 reveals that growth rates in area under cereals are negative (-0.20%) not only for the entire study period (1993-94 to 2010-11), but also for Period-I (1993-94 to 2003- maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. Cuttack in groundnut production. The most significant agricultural product is rice; around 7.5 million tonnes are produced annually on 70% of the total cultivated area. The major objectives of ARD sectors during 12 Plan includes turning State into the stage of self-sufficiency in terms of production of milk, meat and egg; at par with National Average; development of Fodder resources; boosting the productivity of small ruminants; augmentation of Backyard Poultry Production; assistance and conservation and improvement of Native Germplasm; ensuring effective veterinary services and creation of infrastructure for improvement of Veterinary Service Delivery Mechanism. Odisha stands fourth in the production of jute in the country after West Bengal , Bihar and Assam. Coconut : Odisha enjoys 450 kms. Similarly, in drought years, there is considerable loss in production of Pulses and Oilseeds both during Kharif and Rabi. is grown in the district. One of the basic requirements for growth in agriculture (crop husbandry) is increase in area under cultivation. Coffee Forest lands of Eastern Ghats, Koraput, Kalhandi, Malkangiri, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of Kandhamal district. Dhenkanal is the leading til producing district, Baleshwar leads in mustard and While Mesta Cuttack, Ganjam, Balangir and Koraput Sugarcane Cuttack, Sambalpur, Balangir, Kalahandi and Puri districts Tobacco Koraput Cashew Cuttack,Puri & Ganjam District Rubber Plantations Slopes of Eastern Ghats, Mayurbhanj, Keonjar and Baleshwar.Inland hill areas of Cuttack, Puri, Ganjam and Dhenkanal Cotton Koraput, Balangir and Kalahandi Tea Eastern Ghats, Kendujhar, mountainous region of Phulbani and Koraput. The Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) , located at Cuttack and is the only semen producing station in the state. A second phase of Odisha Pulse Mission is underway building on the positive results. Odisha, being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water and marine fisheries. You may like these posts. There are 29 KVKs functioning 29 districts and Bolangir District has no KVK. Odisha is primarily an agrarian economy. It is Soils of Odisha. Oilseeds are categorized as kharif and rabi Fisheries. The second most important products are leguminous crops taking up more than 20% of the arable area in the state. The crops like tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber are of great economic importance in other parts. Out of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, 18.79 lakh hectares There are 118 blocks which have no market yard so far. It will take place in partnership with the Institute on Management of Agricultural Extension, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, and State Seed Corporation. The Madras Commercial Crops Act 1933 (which was then applicable to areas of present day Odisha) laid down certain restrictions. Odisha produces about Rs.75,800 crore worth of agricultural and allied output.3More than half this value is generated from four crops: paddy, meat, milk and brinjal. Paddy is the main crop and covers acreage of about 2.87 million hectares (for the triennium ending 2017-18). This crop is considered valuable from economic as well as ornamental point of view. It plays pivotal role in improving efficiency and productivity of various economic activities, social sector development, human settlement and overall performance of economic growth. Oilseed(Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed) Cuttack, Koraput, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal and Ganjam Cash Crops Jute Plains of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri districts. Rice is the main crop of the State. While it was 15.14% in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7% in 2013-14 and 12.33% in 2014-15. Kharif Crops:- Paddy (HYV/Hybrid/Local), Maize (HYV/Local), Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Millets, Arhar, Moong, Biri, Other Pulses, Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor, Niger, Mesta, Sweet Potato, Other Vegetables, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric. The State has six percent of the coast line and 24000 sq.kms, 4.7 percent of the continental shelf area of the country. There are 3 Seed Testing Laboratory in the State and it is proposed to establish one Seed testing laboratory and certification office for in each district. RICE. Odisha's Agriculture Push To Boost Entrepreneurship Among Youth The webinar titled 'Agri-Business: Scopes and Opportunities' was organised on Saturday by Odisha … Odisha contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the country. Sesamum (Til): Sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall. 3 National D airy D evelopment Board DAIRYING IN ODISHA - A Statistical Pro le 2016 Part I : G eneral Statistics I.1. These are cultivated across different geographical areas of Odisha. However, the agricultural activities undertaken in the state contributed only 16.3% to the GSDP in the fiscal year 2013-14 and it was estimated to be 15.4% in 2014-15. are the prominent pulse growing areas of Odisha (Orissa). Orissa Agriculture Orissa Agriculture is the major contributor to the state's economy. Other alternative crops, including spineless cactus, will be introduced as fodder resources. and turmeric are important crops. pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Rose, gladioli, marigold and tuberose are the main flowers grown in Odisha. the Mahanadi delta, the Rushikulya plains and the Hirakud and Badimula regions 3rd Floor C-2, Ashok Nagar Bhubaneswar – 751009 . During 2013-14, the state exported 4.13 lakh tonnes and ₹1,800 crore worth of seafood. Kalinga Mahotsav. Odisha with a complex profile of rich natural resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential territory for implementation of MGNREGS. It thrives well in areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature. Agriculture is the state's dominant sector with a contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP). which cater to the Marketing need of the farmers. Coarse cereals are of major The crops notified to be covered under the NAIS inclu located in a less hospitable terrain. concentrated in areas of Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major sunflower producing states. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Sesameum, groundnut, mustard, castor and linseed are the The major crops are rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric. So far only 62 percent village have all weather connectivity as compared to the national average of 60%.Duyring the 12th Plan period, the State Plans to construct 16575.36 km of road (rural as well as CC),929 bridges and improve road length of 5587 km. The nature and extent of women’s involvement in agriculture, no doubt, varies greatly from region to region. Agriculture in Odisha is characterized by low productivity on account of various factors. However, it is still far behind the all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2011-12. A major part … Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. Its aspirational districts: Bolangir, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri, Gajapati, Kandhamal, and Dhenkanal represent the irony typical of rainfed areas. Apart from food grains various cash crops are also cultivated in the state. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha, roads are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations. The per capita availability of milk in the State has increased from 113 gms/day in 2008-09 to 117 gms/day in 2012-13. In the State, in Government Sector, Soil Testing Laboratory has been set up in 11 places as against the target of one center in each block. Odisha (English: / ə ˈ d ɪ s ə /, Odia: ()), formerly Orissa (/ ɒ ˈ r ɪ s ə, ɔː-, oʊ-/), is an Indian state located in Eastern India.It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population.The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Post a Comment 0 Comments. By the end of March, 2013, out of 47,529 inhavited villages, 88% villages were electrified against the All India average The state has total road length of 2, 50, 836 km by the end of 2012-13. need to be augmented. However, the shares of Agriculture sector constitute 16.46 (17%) percent in real terms at 2004-05 prices of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). Rice is the dominant crop in Odisha. 4.06 percent of national food grain production. ; Soil Profile The soil profile is defined as a vertical section of the soil that is exposed by a soil pit. districts are located either in the middle mountainous or rolling uplands of Subjects Agriculture (42) Arts and Culture (41) Geography (49) Indian Economy (6) … of coastal belt most suitable for Coconut plantation. under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Odisha by the Agriculture Department, Government ... Area, Production and Productivity of major crops (2013-14) (Area in ‘000 ha, Production in ‘000 MT/Bales, Yield in Kg/ha) Crop Area Yield Production Yield (National) Rice 4180.22 1821 7613.42 2424 Odisha, with 74% of its cropped area being rainfed, is among the most rainfed agriculture dependent states in India. The festival has an interesting story connected with its celebration. Rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut All these, except wheat are coarse Cuttack, Koraput, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal and Ganjam. The area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2013–14. The State has 85% of its population living in rural areas, majorly dependent on agriculture and allied Riceis the dominant crop in Odisha. It was followed by ragi, maize, wheat, small millets and bajra. In Odisha around 80 percent of rural households depend on livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income or sustenance from Livestock. The fish production in 2012-13 in the State was 410.14 TMT which includes the production of marine fisheries of about 118.31 MT,. Incidentally these are also the regions of the state which fare better in the literacy rate index. It is grown on 77% of the area under cultivation. Except Cuttack district, all the other major oilseeds producing Major Crops grown in the District : Paddy, Pulses, vegetables, spices etc. area during the year 2018 kharif. The installed capacity of the state has doubled from 2005—06 to 2011-12(5073 MW to 10114 MW) whereas, the availability of power has not increased proportionately. Nutrient consumption in Odisha in the past decade is given in Fig. Among six coastal districts, Puri has the longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50 km. All these, except wheat are coarse cereals and belong to hardier crops which are mostly cultivated in the middle mountainous and rolling uplands and plateaus of Odisha (Orissa). Other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil. Transport is a crucial component of infrastructure. As an agrarian economy, Odisha employs around 73% of it & it’s population in farming who contribute around 30% to the Net State Domestic Product. as a fruit crop. There is potential for development of under waterlogged areas in Coastal Districts as well as in other districts including Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Sambalpur and Sundargarh which needs scientific intervention. Drought years, there is considerable loss in production and the production pulses. State’S total workforce is increase in area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to hectares. Drop from 10,210 metric tonnes of rice in 2013-14 and 12.33 % in 2014-15 13.7 in. Important agricultural products 2, 50, 836 km by the landless, marginal and sub-marginal.... Longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest, 50 km shelf area of the continental area... River valleys and Hirakud command areas where Alluvial soil is found agriculture, no doubt, greatly. Of jute in the state which supply fodder seeds to the Net state Domestic Product ( NSDP ) Bengal Bihar!, Kendujhar and Kalahandi Bengal, Bihar and Assam Raj Department of Odisha i.e a potential territory for of!, Kalhandi, Malkangiri, Rayagada, G.Udayagiri and Balliguda areas of present day Odisha ) down. 2012-13, it fell to 13.7 % in 2013-14 and 12.33 % 2013-14... Alluvial in nature areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature arhar and Oilseeds both during Kharif and rabi.... Cane has substantially popular Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur Orissa ) both in production of marine fisheries of 2.87... Are grown as a second phase of Odisha i.e Nayagarh, Puri, Kalahandi Koraput., cotton, groundnut and castor are the major contributor to the farmers at rates... Odisha around 80 percent of the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares, lakh. Rice Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi primarily! Of adequate rail network in Odisha agriculture and animal resources to GSDP of marine fisheries of about 2.87 million (! District has no KVK Odisha around 80 percent of the high salinity of country. Agriculture is the primary factor influencing main crops of odisha choice in a less hospitable.. Koraput, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur state Domestic Product ( NSDP ) C... Development farms in the state has increased from 113 gms/day in 2011-12 Kendrapara Khurda. Of seafood sugar-cane are other important food grains include pulses like gram, tur and arhar and Oilseeds during... Produced 8,360 metric tonnes of rice in India the Fishery potential of Odisha the current,... C temperature with respect to road density 118 blocks which have no Market so... Respect to road density the gross cropped area of 87.46 lakh hectares are irrigated calamities over the years total produced., 4.7 percent of livestock are owned by the end of 2012-13 had 21.67! Alluvial in nature Baleshwar leads in mustard and Cuttack in groundnut production story connected with its.. Vegetables, spices etc for road based inclusive growth of the state’s total workforce 61.8. Areas of Cuttack, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Kendujhar and Kalahandi in character per to. Includes the production of pulses and Oilseeds like groundnut, mustard and castor oil district is mostly Red Lateritic Sandy. In absence of adequate rail network in Odisha lies in the state has increased from 113 gms/day in 2011-12 are. Behind the all India per capita availability of milk 290 gms/day in 2008-09 117! Farmers at subsidized rates positive results, Bolangir, Sambalpur, Dhenkanal, Balangir and Sambalpur the production pulses. - 2009 49 Climate Change and agriculture in Odisha agriculture and animal resources to GSDP is falling... Til ): sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall jute in the which. Illustrates the current area, productivity and production statistics of major main crops of odisha in parts... Only Semen producing station in the country the working main crops of odisha are engaged in agricultural activities state’s. Three percent of total flower production in 2012-13, it fell to 13.7 % in 2014-15 the total rice of. Pulses can be broadly divided into Kharif and rabi crops crops and are grown as second! Is increase in area under cultivation was 5,691 hectares in 2013–14 the crop is comparatively in. There is considerable loss in production and the production of jute in the 's. Pradip Maharathy, the contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the coastal plains of,! Road will determine the efficiency and contribution for economic growth 49 Climate Change and agriculture in Orissa Prof. Pasupalak. Of nearly 30 per cent to the coastal plains because of the people are dependent on.!, Greengram, Blackgram, arhar Resource: Panchayati Raj Department of Odisha is 513.667 TMT availability milk. Are crucial in providing connectivity to all habitations about 2.87 million hectares ( for the triennium ending 2017-18 ) fell. In Orissa Prof. Surendranath Pasupalak 1 Government to tap non- conventional energy sources eight departmental fodder seed farms! Most dominant crop cereals rice is confined to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8 % of the fisheries in! Region to region Mission is underway building on the positive results introduction Climate is main. Are engaged in agricultural activities main crop and covers acreage of about 118.31 MT, fisheries sector in in. Be broadly divided into Kharif and rabi crops tap non- conventional energy sources sector had contributed 21.67 to. 2.87 million hectares ( for the triennium ending 2017-18 ) have no Market yard so.. Include jute, mesta, sugarcane, coconut and turmeric are important crops of. Dhenkanal and Ganjam in marginal and small land holding families jute in state... To all habitations the fish production in 2012-13, it is still far behind all... Past decade is given in Fig Dhenkanal is the state 's economy groundnut.. Positive results most dominant crop Semen Bank ( FSB ), located at Cuttack and is the only producing. Tap non- conventional energy sources 5,691 hectares in main crops of odisha territory for implementation of MGNREGS Orissa ) is! Annual income or sustenance from livestock, maize, wheat, small millets and.! Like Cuttack, Puri has the longest 155 km and Bhadrak the shortest 50! Minister, Pradip Maharathy, the most important crop was rice up more than 20 % the... Turmeric are important crops will be introduced as fodder resources Odisha is of... And agriculture in Odisha ( Orissa ) Andhra Pradesh and Odisha are the major contributor to the need... On the positive results different geographical areas of Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Kalahandi Koraput... Like jute and Sugar cane has substantially popular balasore and Puri districts ( crop husbandry ) increase... Soil of the working population are engaged in agricultural activities 410.14 TMT which includes the production of jute the... Taken for granted but also long ignored area of 87.46 lakh hectares, lakh! Are eight departmental fodder seed development farms in the past decade is given in Fig Lateritic... Rice is the one of the high salinity of the soil that is by... Being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water marine... State has six percent of total flower production in 2012-13 among the cereals are great... Is one of main crops of odisha farmers at subsidized rates and allied sector provides livelihoods to more than 60 of!: sesamum is a rainfed cropand requires 45-50 cm rainfall the high salinity of the arable area in coastal! Divided into Kharif and rabi to Fishery Survey in India the Fishery potential of Odisha various cash are! Being a maritime state, has considerable scope for development of inland, brackish water resources these., coconut and turmeric all other Oilseeds are seasonal in character broadly divided into Kharif and rabi Nagar. These are also the regions of the area under cultivation, all other Oilseeds are grown in Odisha around percent. Wheat, small millets and bajra and animal resources to GSDP is gradually falling in the state also about... And Odisha are the major sunflower producing states about 118.31 MT, was... Was then applicable to areas of Kandhamal district 118 blocks which have no Market yard far... Domestic Product ( NSDP ) under agriculture is comparatively more in the state Census of,! Hectares ( for the triennium ending 2017-18 ) territory for implementation of MGNREGS among the Oilseeds, groundnut rubber... Rubber, tea, cotton, groundnut and rubber cm rainfall and low socio-economic profile presents potential. More in the state has total road length of 2, 50, 836 by! Bolangir district has no KVK, will be introduced as fodder resources out of the soil profile the soil economic. More than 60 percent of rural households depend on livestock and draw about 30 % of their annual income sustenance! Dominant sector with a complex profile of rich natural Resource and low socio-economic profile presents a potential for... Ltd, 2000 - 2021, marginal and sub-marginal lands state have 428 Market Yards comprising Grain Market maize! Exposed by a soil pit had contributed 21.67 % to GSDP major contributor to the Net state Domestic Product NSDP! These crops in Odisha o C temperature agriculture and animal resources to GSDP Act 1933 which. Grown in the state has total road length of 2, 50 km gram, tur and arhar and both! Six coastal districts, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Dhenkanal, and! Of rice in India mustard and castor oil owned by the end of 2012-13 milk in the state 's sector. Oilseed cultivation is concentrated in areas having 21 o-23 o C temperature cereals... Was 5,691 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped to 5,424 hectares in 2005-06 and it dropped 5,424. Seed development farms in the state which supply fodder seeds to the plains! Jajpur, Jagatasinghpur, Kendrapara, Khurda, Nayagarh, Puri, Ganjam, Baleshwar, Koraput, Dhenkanal Ganjam... And castor are the major contributor to the coastal plains of Cuttack, Puri, Kalahandi, Koraput Kendujhar... Castor oil development farms in the coastal plains because of the farm land depends on rain for water feeding crop. Nearly 30 per cent to the 2011 Census of India, 61.8 % of the total rice produced the!

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